عنوان مقاله [English]
The aim of this paper as it has been mentioned by its title is to study and represent the cultural roots of reactionary after the victory of the Islamic society from the point of the noble Quran. Irtejaa( reactionary) means return to the old thought and beliefs . This attribute happens after any revolution among persons and community groups who are in agreement with the previous defective system and in opposition to development and progress. Reactionary is one of the most important and dangerous components that it threatens the Islamic society and it is the limitations of time and space. Therefore, if the revolutionaries neglect the causes and factors which creates reactionary it will provide the collapse of the new society system. The holy Quran as the most prefect functional text for the human material and spiritual life has a particular notice to this issue which this note has examined. Although the word " ارتجاع"has not used in the holy Quran but the Quranic concepts have mentioned it. From the view of the noble Quran, every orientation against tawhid (monotheism) and return to tyrants is a kind of the reactionary and return and it is prohibited. There are different causes and factors which lead to the reactionary such as the nobility strong desire for welfare, superficiality and lack of spiritual insight. With library and descriptive-analytic method and with adducing to the noble Quran, this paper has investigated the obstacles which cause the thought apostasy and the revolutionaries' reactionary.