عنوان مقاله [English]
Although the problem of identity has a long history in the human history, but in the contemporary Islamic-Iranian world, due to the suddenly encounter of Muslims and especially Iranians with modern Western civilization, the ground for re-design and reflection has been raised. The attention to identity as a problem in Iran is influenced by various theories of identity that have been formed in the modern Western world for several centuries after the Renaissance. The problem has emerged as a problem of identity after the Iranians' encounter with Western civilization. After this encounter, due to the dominance of Western civilization over Islamic-Iranian civilization, many identity conflicts arose in the contemporary history of Iran and with the occurrence of the Islamic Revolution, these conflicts took on a new form. In the article, with historical studies, has been tired to study the way Islamic-Iranian identity confronts theories of modern identity after encountering this civilization. Then we investigate the identity theories that have tried to elevate the "problem" of Islamic-Iranian identity in the new situation and present a special formulation of it. In conclusion, it has been pointed out that the occurrence of the Islamic Revolution has made it possible to formulate theories of various Islamic-Iranian social identities that can be proposed by various thinkers.