نوع مقاله : علمی ترویجی
1 گروه زبان و ادبیات فرانسه، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد
2 گروه فیزیک و هسته پژوهشی مطالعات میان رشته اس هستی شناسانه/ دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد
عنوان مقاله [English]
The notion of culture has been discussed in modern science, but there is no discussion on the cultural issues because modern science claims neutrality. In this article, we show definitions of the concepts of episteme and paradigm, then we show change of paradigm is the cause of episteme changing. We introduce the three significant paradigms of the antique, modern, and post-modern eras and use them to introduce the corresponding epistemes which are "self-centrism", "altruism" and "virtual reality", respectively. In this manuscript, we also will see that cultural issue is a result of thinking contradiction which happens when a paradigm changes more quickly than episteme. This contradictory thinking is a consequence of incompatible mixing of old episteme and new paradigm which can be found in the new civilizational instruments. We show that thinking contradiction causes a kind of self-alienation. Finally, we conclude that the first step to finding a solution for the cultural problems is to recognize this contradiction. Explaining the philosophy of cultural issues is crucial to confront social abnormalities.